Health

When to have a mammogram

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September 27, 2021

The frequency of the examination depends on the age and the presence of any risk factors such as the familiarity of the oncological pathology. Between 35 and 40 years the diagnostic precision of the examination is very low but it could be useful to carry out a first reference mammogram especially in the presence of the aforementioned risk factors. Often in this age group it is preferred to opt for breast ultrasound , a completely harmless technique for the body based on the use of ultrasounds. This test is very useful both for the diagnosis of benign lesions, such as cysts and fibroadenomas , and for confirming the results of the mammography investigation mammogram screeningin Fair Lawn.

Even between the ages of 40 and 49, the higher density of the breast lends itself to misinterpretations of mammographic results. During this period it is recommended to repeat the exam every 24 months. In the presence of risk factors it is better to have a follow-up mammogram once a year. Most breast cancers are in fact sensitive to the presence of estrogen which drops dramatically after menopause .

 While between the ages of 40 and 50 there are conflicting opinions on the usefulness of mammography, all the world associations involved in the fight against breast cancer agree on its extreme importance over the age of 50 .

During this period of life, the examination must be repeated once every 2 years. After the age of 70 it is recommended to further increase the frequency of the exam, performing it once every 12 months. In this age group, the incidence of breast cancer is higher. The diagnosis is also less affected by errors due to the lower consistency of the breast tissue which is richer in adipose tissue and poorer in glandular tissue. The mammography exam is neither risky nor too expensive in terms of time and money. However, an excess of controls could seriously endanger the emotional stability of the woman, causing anxiety and unnecessary worries.

The younger a woman is, the greater the risk of diagnosing a tumor that is actually benign, with very serious psychological repercussions.

Chances of any cancer?

Unfortunately, in most cases when the patient manifests the characteristic symptoms of breast cancer, the carcinoma is already in an advanced stage. The most common signal is the tactile perception of a non-painful lump or breast thickening, although it should be noted that not all lumps are malignant. For this reason, any new lump, like any suspicious area, should be checked by your doctor. Irritation of the skin , discharge in the absence of pregnancy, hypersensitivity and pain in the nipple , are other characteristic symptoms of oncological pathology.

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